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The Soviet Union

The Soviet Union holds the distinction of having fought on both Axis and Allied sides of World War II. It signed a non-aggression pact with the Nazis in 1939 and invaded Poland two weeks after Germany. When the Nazis attacked the Soviet Union two years later, Stalin threw his lot in with the Allies. His country suffered at least 20 million casualties in World War II, which took a global toll of about 70 million. The museum’s Russia section features German maps and reconnaissance books for the invasion of the Soviet Union, a strong selection of posters, weapons, relics from Stalingrad that include a German soldier’s winter outfit, and highly important letters from Stalin, Khrushchev, and Zhukov.