Western Europe was liberated by the armies of the western Allies following the landings on the Normandy beaches of 6 June 1944. The military campaign was hard-fought. Despite the death and destruction caused by the fighting, Allied troops were greeted by the local populations with delight and relief. The years of cruel Nazi occupation were finally over. The situation in eastern Europe was different, with the arrival of the Soviet Red Army often greeted with fear and distrust. The Museum’s collections focus on the liberation of France.