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When the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933 they began to implement a series of laws and social practices based on their belief that Jews were ‘sub-human’ and had to be completely removed from society. Initially this was done through legislation and the gradual exclusion of Jews from economic and social life. Under the cover of the war itself, six million Jewish men, women and children, were systematically murdered in a deliberate act of the German state. Mass executions in the wake of the German invasion and occupation of eastern Europe and the Soviet Union were followed by the establishment of a vast system of concentration and death camps.