German War Trials
After the end of World War II, the Allies placed high-ranking Nazi officials on trial for war crimes and crimes against humanity at Nuremberg, Germany. A total of ten of the 24 tried at Nuremberg received death sentences and were hanged on October 16, 1946. An eleventh convict, Hermann Goering, killed himself the night before his planned execution. Other defendants, such as Karl Doenitz, Erich Raeder, and Rudolf Hess, received long prison sentences. Franz von Papen was among the few who were acquitted. The trials were exceptionally well-documented, and the museum displays numerous messages from the Nazi war criminals to their captors, letters and manuscripts that describe events from World War II, original prisoner of war forms filled out by the captured Nazis, and the detention reports and mug shot photos of Goering and others.